Fifth Report on the Statistics on the Number of Animals used for Experiments in the EU
The objective of this report is to present to the Council and the European Parliament, in accordance with Article 26 of Directive 86/609/EEC of November 24, 1986 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States regarding:
- the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes,
- the statistical data on the number of animals used for experimental and
- other scientific purposes in the Member States of the EU.
This Fifth Statistical Report covers for the first time data collected by 25 Member States as a result of the accession of 10 new Member States in 2005. It gives an overview of the year 2005 with the exception of one Member State who reported data of 2004.
Overall animal use and change
- Total animals used 12.1 million – a 12% increase from 2002, but this is from 25 member states (there were 15 member states in 2002).
- However, there was still an increase in numbers from the original 15 countries – an increase of 3.2% to 11,070,299.
- The new countries; constitute 8.6% of the total animal use, meaning that the main animal users are still; France, UK and Germany –in that order, constituting apx 50% of animal use.
- Germany use decreased by 12% whereas France and the UK increased by 5% and 3% respectively.
Numbers of animals
- Over 24,000 dogs (24,119), over 300,000 rabbits (312,681), over 600,000 birds (649,183) and over 10,000 primates (10,449 old and new world monkeys and prosimians)
- 73% of old world monkeys are still coming from non-EU countries, e.g. Asian countries
- 231,613 animals poisoned to death in studies like the LD50, this included 841 dogs
Increases (not explained by increase in countries)
- Use of primates (old and new world monkeys) HAS INCREASED by 5% to 9,715 animals. New world monkeys (i.e. marmosets) increased a staggering 31% to 1,564 animals– and this did not result in a corresponding decrease in old world monkey use i.e. macaques, which increased by 1%. None of this can be explained by the increase in countries since only 57 old world monkeys were used by the new countries (Czech Republic and Hungary).
- A 30% increase in "other mammals," a 20% increase in ferrets, 9.5% increase in rabbits and 10.6% increase in mice - in the 15 countries. Increase in rabbits is surprising given the supposed increase in alternatives to rabbits for the Draize test (skin and eye irritation) – the replacements were only validated in March 2007 but nevertheless may be expected to be in widespread use. Increase in mice is not necessarily due to GM as THESE STATS DO NOT INCLUDE GM BREEDING (e.g. maintenance of GM colonies, therefore the numbers for the UK are a third lower than in the 2005 UK statistics)
- As in 2002, no great apes were used – this loophole can be closed in the revision of 86/609
- Malta did not use any animals.
- 60.3% increase in use of animal for veterinary medicines.
- 64.6% increase for "other" uses.
- Toxicology: 3.7% decrease.
- 107% increase in use of animals for cosmetics, to 5,571 animals. This includes over 900 guinea pigs and 600 rabbits. This was largely attributed to France. This shouldn’t happen as there are alternatives, see above. (Report is incorrect and says there is a 50% increase)
- 892% increase in use of animals for food additives FOR ANIMALS (nearly 9 times higher) to 34,225.
- With respect to the UK, there has been an overall increase in 3% (nearly 57,000 animals) from 2002. UK are the second biggest user of primates after France, with 3,115 used in these stats.